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Genesis - The Birth of Human Cognizance
창세기의 새로운 해석 By Raphael Choi (최응환)
2010년 02월 18일 (목) 14:44:05 최응환 기자 Editor@AcropolisTimes.com
최응환 기자의 다른기사 보기 클릭!  

Everybody knows the story in the first chapter of Genesis in the Bible, how God created the heavens and the earth, created man and woman, and rested on the seventh day.  Many people have tried to justify the creation story as a scientifically accurate description of the creation of the universe and the world, but fail miserably because of one small detail: night and day was “created” before the sun and the moon were created!  Incredibly, plants were also created before the sun and the moon.  As you can see, there is no way to show that the creation story in Genesis is a scientific explanation of how the world was formed.

The interpretation of the creation story as explaining the physical formation of world is totally misguided.  The Genesis creation story is not some fuzzy story of how the world was “physically” created, but a much more exciting and revealing story.  Rather than showing how the universe was created (either figuratively or scientifically), the Genesis creation story explains the development of man’s cognizance, i.e., his understanding of the world around him and his own mind, although this process probably took thousands of generations. 

The modern man, or Homo Sapiens Sapiens, our direct ancestors, first came into existence around 60,000 years ago.  They arrived in the world already populated by the Neanderthal man, who came into existence around 100,000 years ago, and were thriving in Europe and the Middle East.  However, the Neanderthal man became extinct around 30,000 years ago, probably losing out to the newer breed of humans.  What distinguished the new race of homo sapiens from the older race of humans was the power of speech.

The ability to speak and think in words is inherently tied to the ability to think metaphysically, and therefore the ability to create words to match the concepts that humans form in their minds.  A chimpanzee shrieking when he sees a lion may seem to be communicating, but it is a crude form of communication to warn of danger and not a statement that says “I see a lion, which is dangerous to us, so be warned.”  Interestingly, scientists have recently recognized that certain apes have different types of shrieks for eagles, lions and snakes, for instances, which tells us that even our much older ancestors were beginning to conceptualize, albeit in a very crude sense.  As we evolved, our linguistic ability and our ability to conceptualize developed in tandem.  In fact, scientists have been attempting to identify the gene that gives us the power of true speech, and the current thought is that such gene is the same gene that gives us the power of metaphysical thought.

Try to feel the exuberance that our ancestors felt when they grasped their power to think and to talk.  The significance of this experience, which truly distinguishes us from all other animals, even the Neanderthal man, would have been handed down from generation to generation verbally. 

The creation story in Genesis is a celebration of the birth and development of man’s cognizance and the power of speech.  Below, I have taken the first chapter of Genesis and transposed it to show more clearly that Genesis does not depict the creation of the world, but the long historical process of mankind achieving a level of cognizance that is truly human.  But first, let’s read the original:

          Genesis 1 (New International Version)
The Beginning
 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
 3 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, and He separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.
 6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." 7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. 8 God called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.
 9 And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so. 10 God called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas." And God saw that it was good.
 11 Then God said, "Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds." And it was so. 12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day.
 14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth." And it was so. 16 God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, 18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening, and there was morning—the fourth day.
 20 And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky." 21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them and said, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth." 23 And there was evening, and there was morning—the fifth day.
 24 And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind." And it was so. 25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.
 26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, [It was always puzzling that God is referred to in the plural in this section of Genesis (“Our” image, in “Our” likeness).  In all other instances, other than the section on the Tower of Babel, God is referred to in singular term. The significance of the use of the plural will be explained below] and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."
 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
 28 God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground."
 29 Then God said, "I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 30 And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food." And it was so.
 31 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.

Now read the version as modified by the new interpretation introduced here:

Genesis 1
The Beginning
 1 In the beginning man understood the concept of the heavens and the earth.
 2 At first man’s “power of thought” was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of his mind, and man’s power of cognizance (the essence of being human) was hovering over a mind that was still more animal than human.
 3 And man understood the concept of light, and spoke the word “light” ["Let there be light"] and man understood light. 4 Man saw that the light was good, and He was able to separate the concept of light from the concept of darkness, and give separate words for each concept. 5 Man called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day. [The easiest metaphysical concept for humans to recognize would have been the distinction between brightness and darkness.  Darkness is cold, scary and dangerous, full of unseen threats from nocturnal predators, especially when men did not have the ability to control fire.  Light is warm, good and safe.] 
 6 And man understood the concept of water [water is the life giving substance, and even primitive men recognized that water is necessary for life, so that the concept of water would be one of the first that he would recognize], and then recognized the concept of “space” that is formed between water and water (or lack of water) – man was able to say, "there is something between water and other water that separates water from other water." 7 So man understood the concept of expanse (or space) [while it is easier to conceive the separation of waters, it is much more difficult to conceive of separation of land] and was able to separate the water on the ground or in the sea from the water above it. [The water above the ground is rain.  When rain falls, man realized that it is also “water,” but somehow different from water that is already on the ground.] And it was so. 8 Man called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.  [The concept of empty space or the concept of “nothing” is truly a monumental leap in human cognizance.  Consider a case where two rocks are right next to each other.  There is literally nothing (or “no space”) between the two rocks.  On the other hand, consider two rocks two feet apart in a vacuum.  Then there is also “nothing” between the rocks, but now there is a separate concept of “nothing” or “space” that exists between the rocks.  While human beings were able to understand this concept of “non-existence,” or “nothing,” the concept of “zero” as a number would not be grasped until much later when Indian culture introduced this concept in math.]
 9 And man said, "Where there is lack of water (or where it is dry) i.e., if the water under the sky is understood as one concept, then I can understand the concept of dry ground." And it was so. 10 Man called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas." And man saw that it was good. [The beginning of human cognizance and speech may have coincided with the ending of the ice age, when there was abundant water from the melting of the glaciers, around 13,000 BC]
 11 Then man understood that "the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds." And he named them and understood them. 12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And man understood that it was good. 13 And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day.
 14 And man said, "I understand that there are lights in the expanse of the sky that separates the day from the night, and I can use them to serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, 15 and I understand that the lights in the expanse of the sky give light on the earth." And it was so. 16 Man recognized two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also recognized the stars. 17 Man saw them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, 18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And man understood that it was good. 19 And there was evening, and there was morning—the fourth day.
 20 And man understood the concept of, and named, "the living creatures teeming in the water, birds flying above the earth across the expanse of the sky." 21 So man understood the concept of, and named, the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And man saw that it was good. 22 Man blessed the animals and prayed, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth." 23 And there was evening, and there was morning—the fifth day.
 24 And man understood the concept of, and named, "living creatures according to their kinds on land: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind." And it was so. 25 Man understood the concept of, and named, the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And man saw that it was good.
 26 After understanding the nature around him and the living creatures around him, man takes the final step toward being truly human, recognizing that he is different from all the animals or plants - Then man understood the concept of, and gave name to an entity called "man,” who are in our own (human) image, in our likeness. [This is another revolutionary concept, the ability to recognize the similarity between human beings, and the difference between humans and other animals.  This means the ability to recognize the “self,” as well as “the other,” yet at the same time to see that human beings are truly different from other animals.  As a philosopher said, if a pig recognizes that it is a pig, it is no longer a pig but human.]  Man recognized that he had the intellect and understanding to rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."  [As noted above, It was always puzzling that God is referred to in the plural here.  The reason that in this verse “God” or “human cognizance” is referred to in the plural is because to be truly human is to recognize other human beings as being human beings, and to understand the concept of human “society.” A single man (even a caveman) could develop and understanding of his surroundings and animals, but to truly understand his human nature, he has to understand the concept of certain beings that are essentially very similar to him (most importantly, who he can talk to!), and that there is a society, a clan or a tribe of human beings.  A solitary human, even if he were to understand his surroundings, would have no chance of surviving in the harsh pre-historic times.  The essence of humanity is to understand that he is a man, and not a rock, a bear, or a tree, and that there is something truly unique in a man, which would have been difficult to perceive if he could not associate with and more importantly, talk to, other human beings.  Therefore the concept of plurality is quite important.]
 27 So man recognized man as his own image, in the image of man was seen in him; male and female he understood them.
 28 Men blessed each other and said to each other, "Let us be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and we will subdue it.  We will rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground."
 29 Then man recognized "every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it.” They will be ours for food. 30 And all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it— they can have every green plant for food." And it was so.
 31 Man recognized that he understood all of this, that he had named, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.

While the reader may have some difficulty accepting this new interpretation of Genesis, what is truly amazing is that this interpretation is not new.  My interpretation is actually beautifully rephrased in another important section of the Bible, the first verses of the Gospel of John:
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning.”

While theologians have twisted the meaning of these verses to claim that the “Word” is Jesus, and therefore Jesus is God, such a conclusion is contorted and undeniably different from the idea of Jesus in the Synoptic Gospels, where Jesus never claimed that he was God.

Actually, the first two verses of John is a breathtaking summary of the importance of language and metaphysical conceptualization in the evolution of human beings.  Man truly became man, not when he could walk (some apes walk, also bears and penguins walk then they need to) or when he started using crude tools (chimpanzees and crows also sometimes use rudimentary tools), but when he could talk and conceptualize.  The true meaning of verse that the writer of the Gospel of John chose to start out is that we became truly human when we could talk and think.  Here “God” should be interpreted as “metaphysical thought,” which gives man the power to be godlike and truly distinct from other animals.  This is the reinterpretation of the monumental first verse of John:

The beginning of our true evolution as human beings began with the power of speech (the “Word”), and the power of speech (the Word) co-existed with the power of thought (God), and in fact the power of speech (Word) is equivalent to the power of metaphysical thought (God).  Speech began with metaphysical thought from the very beginning.

It is not clear that the writer of the Gospel of John understood the true and monumental meaning of his introduction to his Gospel, but obviously, he thought it was important enough to start his Gospel with it.  What scientists have taken hundreds of years to understand and have taken thousands of words to explain, the writer of John explains in beautifully poetic and simple language:
   
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

ⓒ 아크로폴리스타임스(http://www.acropolistimes.com) 무단전재 및 재배포금지 | 저작권문의  

     
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전체기사의견(32)
  하늘엔 영광 땅엔 댓글 최응환 2010-02-20 07:32:13
곽선배님이 이렇게 많은 댓글을 달아주시니 정말 영광입니다. 읽어주신 모든 분 답글 써주신 모든분 감사드립니다. 블랙베리로 답글이 써지는게 신기하고 일단 감사의 표시로 글을 씁니다. 성경에 나오는 내용을 직접 말한 사람과 성경을 "쓴" 사람과 다르기 때문에 원문의 취지와 성경의 "저자"와 생각이 다를 수 있다고 봅니다
추천0 반대0
(206.XXX.XXX.71)
  땅엔 이상(댓글) 이상대 2010-02-20 10:14:27
응환아 서울 생활은 재미가 있니? 네가 떠나고 나니 무지 허전하네. 같이 골프도 못하고 그 박식함에서 나오는 재치있는 썰도 즐길 수가 없으니. 앙꼬 없는 찐빵 먹는 기분이다.
정말 인기가 좋으니 주위에 모여드는 사람들 줄 잘 세워 정리 잘하고(이거 놀릴려고 하는 충고가 아니니 오해 말도록). 하는 일에 축복이 있기를.
추천0 반대0
(68.XXX.XXX.31)
  지금 골프 칠수 있는 미국이 부럽네 최응환 2010-02-21 18:38:40
잘 지내고 있지?
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
  또, 창세기중 가장 좋아하는 구절은 인영 2010-02-19 21:40:25
하느님이 "..on the seventh day he rested from all his work."일곱째날 쉬셨다는 것입니다.
제가 쉬고싶을때 즐겨 사용하는 말이지요. "Even GOD took a day off." ㅋㅋㅋㅋ
응환선배님, 한국서 잘 지내시지요? 글로라도 만나뵈어 반갑습니다. 건강하시길. ^^
추천0 반대0
(66.XXX.XXX.89)
  사해 사본에서 발견된 문서에는 최응환 2010-02-21 18:40:15
하느님이 목 금 토 일요일을 다 쉬셨다는 증거가 나왔다고...아, 이거 농담입니다. 잘 지내고 있습니다. 덕분에.
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
  Where did the power of cognizance come from? 허인영 2010-02-19 21:32:20
인간을 다른 피조물들과 구분짓는 것이 power of conizance와 형이상학적 사고의 능력이란 응환님의 말씀에 동의합니다. 개인적으로창조의 장면에서 가장 감동이고 아름다운 대목중 하나라고 생각하는 대목은, 아담을 빚으시고 "..breathed into his nostrils the breath of life..."입니다. 바로 이 Breath of life가 인간을 다른 존재로 만드는 그 무언가라고 생각해 왔기 때문입니다. 단순히 숨쉬는 능력만이 아니라 말이죠.
추천0 반대0
(66.XXX.XXX.89)
  말 되네요 최응환 2010-02-21 18:43:14
그런데 직접 하느님이 형체를 가지고 인간 코구멍에 숨을 넣어주셨다는 것은 아니겠지요? 어느 순간에 하느님이 인간을 "inspire"한 거라고 볼 수도 있겠지요. 우주를 창조한 것 보다 인간에게 신성을 부여했다는것이 하느님한테는 더 대단한 일일 수도 있다고 생각합니다.
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (8) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:33:16
의 출발은 '분류'입니다. 약속이 있어서 나가봐야 해서 그만 쓰렵니다. 경훈 님, 이만하면 됐지요? 글구 응환 님도 이만하면 점심 한끼 살만 하지? 물론 그대가 여기 오거나 내가 서울에 가게 될 때...
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  점심 여러끼에 해당됩니다. 최응환 2010-02-21 18:51:10
그리고 신을 제외하고 창세기를 읽자는 뜻은 아닙니다. 위 인영님 말데로 창세기의 저자들은 하느님이 인간에게 사고 능력과 언어 능력을 주셨다고 생각하고 썼을 수도 있지요. 꼭 진화를 통해서가 아니더라도 (물론 우주인이 지구인에게 사고능력을 줬을 수도 있지요). 그리고 창세기를 편찬한 사람들이 이를 직접 쓰지 않았을 수도 있으니까 원저자의 의도와는 다를 수도 있단겁니다.
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (7) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:30:47
비교할 수 없이 뒤쳐져 있었을 뿐입니다. 창세기 1장은 당시 사람들이 알고 있었던 우주관, 세계관에 비추어보면 매우 과학적입니다. 창세기 1장이 우주를 구획짓고 분류르 시도하고 있지 않습니까! 동물도 땅 위, 물 속, 공중으로 나누고 물도 땅 위의 물과 궁창 위에 있는 물(당시 사람들은 하늘 위에 커다란 돔 같은 것이 있고 그 위에 또 물이 있다고 믿었지요, 비는 그 물이
떨어지는 거고)로 나눴습니다. 성경이 아는 과학
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (6) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:27:37
할 말은 많지만 마지막으로 과학에 대해서 한 마디 하겠습니다. 성경이 오늘날 과학에 맞지 않음은 두말할 나위 없습니다. 성경을 쓴 사람은 태양도 거꾸로 갈 수 있다고 믿었습니다. 만일 그런 일이 실제로 일어나면 얼마나 파멸적인 결과를 낳을지 몰랐습니다. 다만 성경을 '비과학적'이라고 말하는 것에는 문제가 있습니다. 성경은 그것이 쓰여졌을 당시의 기준으로는 '과학적'이었습니다. 다만 당시의 과학이 지금의 과학과는
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (5) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:24:26
적어도 그 글을 쓴 사람들의 의도와는 거리가 있을 수밖에 없습니다. 노파심에서 밝히면 "성경은 신을 도외시하고 읽으면 그것은 '틀린 독서법'이다."는 뜻이 아닙니다. 얼마든지 그렇게 읽을 수 있습니다. 다만 그렇게 읽는 것은 그 글을 쓴 사람들의 의도를 파악하는 데는 문제가 있다는 뜻입니다.
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (4) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:22:29
그 얘기를 하는데 자신들의 무의식 세계가 반영됐을 수는 있지만 이 글 밑에 깔려 있는 전제와 방향, 말하고자 하는 논지는 결국 '신이 창조한 세계에서 인간이 차지하는 자리는 무엇이고 인간이 할 일은 무엇인가?'라는 질문과 그에 대한 대답이라고 봅니다. 그 질문을 하고 대답을 찾아가는 과정에서 자신에 대한 의식도 생성/발전해갔을 것이라고 생각됩니다. 요컨대 창세기 1장을 신을 제외하고 읽는다면 그런 독서는
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (3) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:18:38
있었습니다. 이 사실은 그의 복음서 전체를 읽어보면 확실히 알 수 있습니다. 글구 또 하나 더, 사람에게는 무의식의 세계란 게 있고 그것이 때로 의식세계로 드러나기도 하므로 때론 둘 사이의 경계가 모호하기는 합니다. 창세기 1장을 쓴 사람들의 무의식 세계로 고려하긴 해야겠지요. 하지만 이 글을 쓴 사람들은 명백하게 자기들이 하고 있는 얘기를 '신'이 자신들을 포함해서 세계를 만든 이야기임을 인식하고 있었습니다.
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 (2) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:14:56
그는 구약학자지만 신약에 대한 전문적인 책도 썼지요. 나도 한 학기 배운 적이 있는 클레어몬트의 James Sanders도 마찬가지였습니다. 두 양반 모두 일세를 풍미한 학자입니다. 응환 님 글 중에 명치에 걸려 안 내려가는 부분부터 얘기하겠습니다. 마지막에 요한복음 저자가 "자기가 쓴 글의 내용을 제대로 이해했는지는 모르지만..."이라고 썼는데 그건 아니라고 봅니다. 그는 자기가 무슨 얘기를 하고 있는지 정확하게 알고
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  본격적으로 응환 님의 글에 대한 나의 생각은 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:11:17
우선 '놀랍다!'입니다. 경제학을 공부한 변호사가 성경을 이 정도로 전문적으로 읽을 줄 알면 '난 뭐 먹고 사나?'하는 걱정이 앞섭니다. 응환 님은 한국 가길 잘 했습니다. ㅎㅎ 글이 참 논리정연하고, 게다가 신약까지 다루고 있다는 점이 인상적입니다. 보통 구약학자는 신약에 대해서, 신약학자는 구약에 대해서 거의 얘기하지 않걸랑요. 예일에서 가르치다 은퇴한 Brevard Childs란 학자는 예외입니다.
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(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  우선 볼사리노 님의 댓글부터 (2) 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:07:54
글구 창세기뿐 아니라 모세오경 전체가 네 개의 문서(이른바 J E D P)로 이루어져 있다는 생각은 이미 2백 년 이상 전부터 주장되어 온 얘기입니다. 요즘은 이 가설을 엄격하게 따르는 사람은 별로 없지만 그래도 오경 연구에 있어서 전제되어 있긴 합니다. 하지만 문학적으로 오경 전체를 하나의 통일된 문서/책으로 읽는 경향이 대세입니다. 더 자세히 얘기할 필요는 없어 보이지요?
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  우선 볼사리노 님의 댓글부터 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:04:39
얘기하자면, 신을 복수로 표시한 게 '삼위일체' 때문이란 해석은 무척 교리적인 해석입니다. 볼사리노 님이 누군가에게서 들으셨을 텐데(그런 생각을 백지에서 하셨을 거 같지는 않네요. 볼사리노 님의 평소 시적인 성향에 비춰보면) 그 교리적인 해석이 오랫동안 교회와 신학계를 지배해봤습니다. 하지만 지금 그렇게 믿거나 주장하는 사람은 아주 아주 보수적인 신학을 가진 사랄말고는 거의 없지요.
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(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  교리적 해석 맞습니다 볼사리노 2010-02-19 13:29:22
누구한테 들은 얘긴 아니고, 15 여년전 제가 LA 대교구에서 가톨릭 교리교사와 성경봉사자 공부를 할 때 배웠던 지식에 근거한 것입니다.
지적해주신 점 감사드립니다.
추천0 반대0
(71.XXX.XXX.218)
  곧 달겠다고 약속 아닌 약속을 하고서 곽건용 2010-02-19 11:01:19
다시 한번 찬찬히 읽어보니(제가 매우 찬찬히 읽어봤습니다. 음악도 없고 요리 사진도 없는 건조한 글을 찬찬히 읽다니!!!) 할 얘기가 많아 댓글로는 소화되지 않을 거 같네요. 하지만 기왕에 다른 글도 연재하는 마당에 아크로가 제 글을 더 실어주지는 않을 거 같고, 또 그게 바람직하지도 않을 거 같아 되도록 간단히 제 생각을 적어보겠습니다.
추천0 반대0
(99.XXX.XXX.29)
  또한 창세기 50장은 5시기에 5학파에 의해 쓰여진것을 한데 편집한 것으로 창세기의 많은 부분이 서로 다른 2- 볼사리노 2010-02-18 22:20:30
문체와 분위기 그리고 다른 하느님에 대한 이름과 그분의 다른 특성으로 되었있습니다. 예를 들어 창세기 1장과 2장은 같은 창세 내용이지만 다른 시기의 것입니다. 2장이 제일 먼저 씌여진 것으로 대략 BC 천년전 야훼스트가 집필한 것이고 1장은 수 백년 후 신명기 학파에 의한 것입니다. 헌데 2장을 먼저 놓은 것입니다. 모세가 5경을 썼다는 것은 다른 의미입니다. 제가 아는 바 이렇습니다. 지면이 너무 짧아 아쉽군요. 계속?
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(75.XXX.XXX.198)
  무척 어려운 주제에 감히 제가 한 수 올리기가 두렵스니다만, 볼사리노 2010-02-18 22:01:11
하느님이 복수로 되어있는 것은 성부 성자 성령의 삼위일체를 이미 표현하신 부분으로 압니다.
유독 이부분에서만이 아니고 소돔과 고모라를 벌하실 때에도 '우리 내려가서..'라는 표현을 쓰셨습니다. 그리고 사람을 만든 다음에만 '하느님 보시게에 좋았더라'는 표현이 빠져 있습니다. 그것은 인간을 만드시고 난 후에 야기될 일들에 대한 우려때문이라고 성서학자들은 해석합니다.
추천0 반대0
(75.XXX.XXX.198)
  저는 곽건용님의 댓글이 기다려집니다. 이경훈 2010-02-18 20:28:16
그러면 더 재미있을 듯한데..더 폭넓게 이해핧 수 있고...
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(75.XXX.XXX.83)
  지난 번에는 필자가 재촉하더니 곽건용 2010-02-19 06:59:27
이번에는 편집자가 재촉하십니까?? 지송합니다. 곧 달겠습니다.
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(71.XXX.XXX.58)
  재미있게 읽었습니다. 양민 2010-02-18 18:03:36
창세기는 초반부 창조이야기는 참 재미있는 이야기 입니다.
두고두고 읽어도 여라가지 생각이 들게 해 주는 귀한 이야기입니다.
이렇게 설명하여 읽어도 또 재미있군요...
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(65.XXX.XXX.18)
  네안데르탈인과 크로마뇽인 오달 2010-02-18 12:11:27
Jean Auel의 Earth's Children 시리즈 소설의 여주인공 Ayala, 말보다 몸짓으로 교감하는 the Clan (네안데르탈인) 문화와 교류의 중심인 people (크로마뇽) 사이에서 갈등을 느끼지요. Earth's Children은 6권의 소설로 기획되어 있는데, 지금까지 5권이 나왔습니다.
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(76.XXX.XXX.150)
  재미있게 읽었습니다 김종하 2010-02-18 11:17:56
최응환님 해석이 요한복음 첫 절의 심오함을 더하는 것 같습니다.
추천0 반대0
(12.XXX.XXX.91)
  최 선배님의 글을 읽을 때마다 변변 2010-02-18 09:52:36
이 분의 뇌용량은 과연 얼마일까가 궁금해질 정도로 해박한 분이라는 느낌입니다. 전체를 이해하지는 못했지만 군데군데 아는 것 중심으로 재밌게 읽었습니다. 인간이 언어를 쓰면서 비로소 인간이 된다는 증거는 많습니다. 아프리카에서 스와힐리어를 쓰는 사람들은 갓난아이를 [쿤투] 라고 부르고 이 아이가 말을 시작하면 [문투] 라고 부르는데 [문투] 는 [인간] 을 지칭하는 말이라고 합니다. 말을 해야 사람인 것입니다.
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(97.XXX.XXX.226)
  제가 아는 어떤 인도친구는 이름이 핀투인데.. 이경훈 2010-02-18 20:27:27
인도말로 꼬마라고 하던데..다들 투자 돌림이네..
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(75.XXX.XXX.83)
  이거야말로 정말 해박한 지식이네요 최응환 2010-02-18 14:55:43
스와힐리어까지 섭렵하다니. 그런데 재미있군요 그렇게 스와힐리말에서 구분을 하다니. 좋은 지식정보 감사합니다.
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
  앗 어케 알았지 최응환 2010-02-21 18:58:22
내가 혹시 말했나요? 이건 후편 주제인데...
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
  글제목과 같이 실린 사진 최고입니다. 최응환 2010-02-18 07:26:36
내용의 볼드체, 아이탤릭체 등 살려주시느라 수고한 편집진에게 감사드립니다. 그리고 별로 재미 없는 글 실어주셔서 또 한번 고맙습니다.
추천0 반대0
(121.XXX.XXX.85)
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